When China's shipping industry occupies a place in the world shipping industry, its advantages and disadvantages are also exposed in the tide of global competition, and this is the reality that China's port and shipping enterprises need to face up to and pay attention to in the strategic transformation of their development model.The advantages of China's maritime industry in the development of world maritime transport
From the perspective of international economy and trade
According to the international monetary fund forecast, the international economy will maintain a steady growth in 2006, the United States and the world will have a growth rate of 3.6% and 4.3% respectively, and China's GDP growth rate will remain above 8.5%.
The strong economy has led to a rise in world trade.In 2003, the total value of international trade was 15.35 trillion us dollars, while in 2004, it rose to 18.58 trillion us dollars, an increase of 21%.In 2005, it reached $21.1462 trillion.In international trade, the "China factor" is the biggest bright spot.In 2004, the value of China's import and export, export and import was us $1154.74 billion, us $593.36 billion and us $561.38 billion, up by 35.7%, 35.4% and 36%, respectively. The total value of China's import and export exceeded us $1 trillion for the first time.In 2005, the volume of imports and exports of goods reached us $1,422.1 billion, ranking the third in both import and export value in the world.In addition, China's share of world trade has increased, and its export share increased from 6.5% in 2004 to 7.3%, an increase of 0.8 percentage points.The proportion of imports rose from 5.9 percent to 6.1 percent, an increase of 0.2 percentage points.China's import and export trade has shown a good momentum of growth and continues to play an important role in international trade.
From the international shipping market
The BDI index in the international dry bulk market fell to 845 points in October 2001, the lowest for the whole year.The index rose slightly in 2002, but not much, ending the year at 1731.In the second half of 2003, there was a big increase, which soared to 4470 points in October and closed at 4467 points at the end of the year.In 2004, it maintained a good growth momentum, reaching a peak of 6101 points and ending at 4438 points at the end of the year.In March 2005, the peak of the year was 4956 points, and it closed at 2321 points at the end of the year.Since 2002, the overall volume of dry bulk cargo has been accelerating.As the global economic development has a huge demand for bulk basic raw materials, such as iron ore and coal, the volume of transportation is growing rapidly, among which China, as one of the countries with the fastest economic growth in the world, plays a very big role.In the past 10 years, the annual growth rate of China's bulk dry bulk shipping volume was 17%, much higher than the international market level, and 70% of the increase of the world dry bulk shipping market came from China.Taking iron ore as an example, China's import volume reached 148 million tons in 2003, accounting for 28.5% of the global shipping volume.In 2004, the global shipping volume of iron ore was 600 million tons, and China imported 208 million tons, accounting for 34.6%.In 2005, due to the influence of state regulation, the growth rate decreased somewhat, but there were still 60 million tons of new demand, and the annual import volume reached 248 million tons, an increase rate of about 20%.It is expected that, driven by the huge engine of China, the international dry bulk shipping market will continue to grow in 2006, with an average annual growth rate of 6%.
In terms of oil transportation, the world economy is highly dependent on oil.Experts calculate that every 1 percent increase in the global economy will require 400,000 barrels of oil a day.As the main mode of oil transportation, water transportation accounts for 92% of oil trade.In 2003, the global crude oil seaborn volume was 1.6 billion tons, and it was further increased in 2004. It is estimated that the average growth rate of international crude oil seaborn volume from 2005 to 2007 is about 3%.China's demand for oil has risen sharply in recent years, and in 2004 it became the world's second largest oil consumer and importer.In 2003, China imported 91.12 million tons of crude oil, accounting for 5.4% of the global crude oil trade. In 2004, China imported 122 million tons of crude oil, surpassing the 100 million tons mark for the first time.In 2005, crude oil consumption exceeded 300 million tons, and the gap between supply and demand will be further widened. In 2005, crude oil imports reached 127 million tons.It is expected that China's demand for oil will maintain a high rate of growth in the next few years, which will have an increasing impact on international oil shipping.
In terms of container transport, driven by the Pacific and asia-europe routes, the volume of container trade has increased rapidly since 2002.In 2003, the total volume of international container trade was 79 million TEU, with a year-on-year growth of 8.2%. In 2004, the growth rate rose to 11%, to 87.7 million TEU.In 2005, the Pacific shipping volume will increase by 12%, the asia-europe shipping volume will increase by 15%, and the Atlantic shipping volume will remain stable with little growth. The overall container shipping volume in 2005 will increase by about 10% on the original basis.China's container shipping volume accounts for about 20 percent of the world's total, and it accounts for more than 60 percent of the shipping volume on the Pacific eastbound and asia-europe westbound routes.China's container throughput reached 75.8 million TEU in 2005, with a growth rate of 23.7%, higher than the world average.
From the fleet construction
The world has 5,700 dry bulk carriers with a gross tonnage of over 1,000 tons, with a total of 296.348 million deadweight tons, distributed among hundreds of shipping companies.China shipping corporation owns 579 vessels with a load of 24.405 million tons.The Hong Kong regional shipping company has 261 vessels with a deadweight tonnage of 18.19 million.China and Hong Kong have a combined capacity of 42.596 million deadweight tons, accounting for 14.4 percent of the world's total.China now has 231 shipping companies engaged in international shipping, with a total capacity of more than 22.1 million deadweight tons, ranking ninth in the world.China's shipping enterprises have set up hundreds of wholly-owned and joint-venture shipping enterprises and agencies abroad, and the proportion of goods transported from third countries is increasing day by day.